Woodworking is a craft that requires a variety of skills and tools to create beautiful and functional pieces. From milling to joining, cutting to sanding, there are many processes involved in woodworking. In this article, we'll provide an overview of the basic woodworking process and the tools used in each step. Milling is the process of taking raw wood and converting it into geometrically precise blocks.
It begins on the assembly machine, where one side of the board is first flattened. Then, switch to a planer to soften the opposite side of the board. Finally, use the table saw to cut (or “tear”) the remaining edge so that it is parallel to the other. Milling prepares the wood for carpentry.Joining is the process of flattening a face and an edge as part of the milling process.
In special circumstances, the joiner can also be used for riveting, chamfering and tapering.The sliding composite miter saw, also known as a
cutting saw, is generally used to cut raw wood to dimensions useful for subsequent milling. It can also be useful for angular cuts, although it doesn't have the precision you get with a jig on a table saw.The band saw is generally used for rough and curved cuts, and is also useful for “standing” cuts, as well as for re-sawing. Band saws make relatively rough cuts, especially compared to a table saw. They come in many sizes and are very versatile saws, depending on the size of the material you plan to cut and the complexity of your project.Before starting any carpentry project, it's important to check and recheck the bill of materials and pre-grind all boards to obtain straight and flat pieces.
Additionally, it's helpful to learn how to read carpentry plans and make a list of cuts from them.